Elaine Farrell is Reader in Irish Social History at Queen’s University Belfast. She has published widely on nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century Irish crime, gender and social history. Her first book, ‘A most diabolical deed’: Infanticide and Irish Society, 1850-1900 (Manchester University Press, 2013), won the National University of Ireland Prize, 2015. Her second monograph, Women, Crime and Punishment: Life in the Nineteenth-Century Convict Prison (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) was published in 2020. She is Co- Investigator on the Bad Bridget project, which focuses on criminal and deviant Irish women in North America, 1838-1918.